Tuberculosis case study answers

Here are 17 questions and answers.

Tuberculosis case study answers

Open in a separate window A bronchial washing smear from the left upper lobe was positive for acid-fast bacilli. No evidence of disease was found elsewhere; the patient did not experience bone pain.

Results of neurologic and ophthalmologic examinations Tuberculosis case study answers normal; no lymphadenopathy or hepatosplenomegaly were found and the genitalia were normal. Auscultation revealed no pericardial fremitus; no ascitic fluid was detected. Antituberculosis chemotherapy was begun with four drugs: Cultures revealed a strain identified as M.

Therefore, rifampicin and isoniazid were continued for 3 more months for a total treatment period of 6 months. Patient 2 A year-old male soldier in the French Foreign Legion, who returned from Djibouti, was hospitalized in September after his chest x-ray showed abnormal findings.

Tuberculosis case study answers

He was a nurse and had been occasionally in charge at the Djibouti Hospital for 2 years. His medical history was unremarkable. Eight months before he returned to France, he experienced asthenia, anorexia, and a weight loss of 3 kg. The symptoms resolved spontaneously after 2 months, and he had been asymptomatic since then.

Tuberculosis case study answers

He had no history of cough, sputum production, hemoptysis, dyspnea, fever, or night sweats. Results of a clinical examination and of laboratory studies were normal Tableexcept for hypereosinophilia.

Serologic tests for schistosomiasis, hydatidosis, distomiasis, amebiasis, toxocariasis, and trichinosis were negative, and parasites were not found in stool samples. Thoracic radiographs performed when he came back from Djibouti showed parenchymal consolidation of the right upper lobe with small cavities.

Sputum was not produced. A gastric aspirate smear was negative for acid-fast bacilli, and a bronchial aspiration smear was positive for acid-fast bacilli. HIV serology was negative, and no other site of the infection was found.

Drug therapy was initiated with rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide for 2 months. Cultures of bronchial aspirates were positive within 14 days; later, cultures of two gastric aspirates were positive for acid-fast bacilli.

The treatment was then extended for 4 months with rifampicin and isoniazid. The patient's response to treatment was favorable.

Tuberculosis: 17 Questions and Answers

The following methods were used to identify the etiologic agent. Acid-fast bacilli were detected by auramine staining, the positive smears also were stained with Ziehl-Nielsen stain.

The Pasteur Institute of Paris used two methods for typing: In the spoligotyping method, after DNA direct repeat amplification, the labeled polymerase chain reaction product was used as a probe to hybridize with 43 synthetic spacer oligonucleotides DNA sequences derived from the direct repeat [DR] region of M.

The sensitivity to antituberculous drugs was determined by the indirect proportion method. MGIT results were positive for the two cultures in 9 and 12 days, respectively. The white, smooth, and glossy colonies were characteristic of M.Tuberculosis Case Study Enviado por AJIgama Introduction,causative agent,mode of transmission, risk factors,sign & symptoms,pathognomic sign, anatomy & physiology,pathophysiology,confirmatory exam,nursing managment,treatment regimen.

Jun 01,  · Tuberculosis: 17 Questions and Answers. Confused About Tuberculosis Headlines?

Tuberculosis NCLEX Questions

Get the Facts If millions of people have tuberculosis, why is Speaker's case different? Unlike most tuberculosis. “MDR Tuberculosis” by Katayoun Chamany Page MDR Tuberculosis: A Case Study for Non-Science Majors Focused on Social Justice by Katayoun Chamany Science, Technology and Society Program not understand the inclusion of South Korea in this study, so Dr.

Sanjari explained, “South Korea is one of. This study shows that the proportion of household contacts of smear-positive tuberculosis patients screened for TB under the current passive screening approach of the Vietnam National TB program is very low compared with prevalence of TB among contacts in high burden countries.

Three distinct case studies describe the nature of work our collaborative network pursues. We are tackling unresolved questions about the evolution and ecology of biomedically-relevant parasites by integrating modeling and empirical work across biological . A case study is an intensive analysis of an individual unit (a person, group, or event) stressing developmental factors in relation to context..

There is no universally accepted definition for a case study, and the case method means different things to different people.

Pneumonia and Tuberculosis NCLEX Practice Quiz (60 Questions) • Nurseslabs